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Table 1 Body sizes (mean ± SE, n = 20) and dry mass of prey species used in the experiment

From: Biological mosquito control is affected by alternative prey

Group Species Length (μm) Dry mass (μg) Micro-distribution and seasonality
Rotifera Hexarthra mira (Hudson, 1871) 186 ± 14.60 0.08 Planktonic; throughout the water column; throughout the year with highest abundance in summer
  Asplanchna intermedia (Hudson, 1886) 986 ± 68.90 1.86 Planktonic; throughout the water column; abundant in lake plankton during summer
Cladocera Ceriodaphnia cornuta (Sars, 1885) 526 ± 16.87 2.6 Planktonic; throughout the water column; perennially abundant
  Daphnia similoides (Hudec, 1991) 1961 ± 34.50 27.2 Planktonic; throughout the water column; occurrence from fall to spring with a peak during winter
Insecta Anopheles stephensi (Liston, 1901) larvae instar-I-II 736 ± 14.50 4.48 Water surface; most from summer to fall
  A. stephensi larvae instar-IV 1896 ± 82.00 185 Water surface; most abundant from summer to fall
  Chironomus larvae 3280 ± 185.54 240 Littoral and benthic
Pisces: Cyprinidae (prey) Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) 4624 ± 219.00 385 Benthopelagic in fresh to brackish water; spring and fall
  Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) 3410 ± 246.04 310 Throughout the water column
Pisces: Poeciliidae (predator) Gambusia affinis (Baird and Girard, 1854) 4723 ± 458.60 Throughout the water column; littoral, higher density in surface waters; perennial, more abundant from April to September