Skip to main content


Table 1 Description of environmental variables used to produce the suitability maps

From: Habitat suitability models of mountain ungulates: identifying potential areas for conservation

Variable Description
0 to 15 Slope of the land surface relative to the horizontal measured in degrees
15 to 30
30 to 45
45 to 60
60 to 75
75 to 90
0 to 0.05 Topographic ruggedness measured in terms of the variability in slope and aspect (Sappington et al. 2007)
0.05 to 0.19
0.19 to 0.44
0.44 to 0.99
Forest type  
STSF Subtropical sal forest: north tropical dry deciduous forest (Champion and Seth 1968), sub-tropical hill sal forest (Stainton 1972), hill sal forest (TISC 2002); altitudinal range: 300 to 1,000 m
SPF Subtropical pine forest: chir pine forest (TISC 2002), sub-tropical pine forest (Champion and Seth 1968); altitudinal range: 1,000 to 2,000 m
STPBLF Subtropical pine broad-leaved forest: chir pine broad-leaved forest (TISC 2002); altitudinal range: 1,000 to 2,000 m
UTCF Upper temperate blue pine forest: (TISC 2002); altitudinal range: 2,500 to 3,000 m
RARA Grass and rocky areas: barren hillsides devoid of trees because of rocks, frequently with dense forest nearby; altitudinal range: 300 to 3,200 m
TMF Temperate mixed forest: fir-hemlock-oak forest (TISC 2002), fir-oak-rhododendron forest (TISC 2002), mixed blue pine-oak forest (TISC 2002); altitudinal range: 2,000 to 3,000 m
LTBLF Lower temperate broad-leaved forest: lower temperate oak forest (TISC 2002), Alnus woods (Stainton 1972); altitudinal range: 2,000 to 2,500 m
TBLF Temperate broad-leaved forest: oak-rhododendron forest (TISC 2002), rhododendron forest (TISC 2002), temperate mixed broad-leaved forest (Stainton 1972)
SABLF Subalpine broad-leaved forest: birch-rhododendron forest (TISC 2002), subalpine mountain oak forest (TISC 2002), Quercus semecarpifolia forest (Stainton 1972; Champion and Seth 1968); altitudinal range: 3,000 to 4,000 m
SAMF Subalpine mixed forest: fir-oak-rhododendron forest (TISC 2002), fir-hemlock-oak forest (TISC 2002); altitudinal range: 3,000 to 4,000 m
SACF Subalpine conifer forest: fir forest (TISC 2002), Abies spectabilis forest (Stainton 1972), Abies pindrow forest (Stainton 1972); altitudinal range: 3,000 to 4,000 m
BA Bushy area: forest area covered with bushes; altitudinal range: 300 to 4,000 m
AM Alpine meadow: altitudinal range: >3,500 m
Distance to the nearest village  
250 Forest within a 250-m radius of the nearest village
500 Forest within a 500-m radius of the nearest village
750 Forest within a 750-m radius of the nearest village
1,000 Forest within a 1,000-m radius of the nearest village
>1,000 Forest outside a 1,000-m radius of the nearest village