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Table 2 Morphometric comparison between male and female of R. affinis from Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam

From: Taxonomic implications of geographical variation in Rhinolophus affinis (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) in mainland Southeast Asia

n Sex FA HB TL EL TIB HF 2MT 3MT 4MT 5MT 3D1P
39 ♀♀ 51.3 ± 1.7 51.7 ± 2.4 24.0 ± 2.6 22.2 ± 1.4 24.3 ± 0.9 10.50 ± 0.4 41.7 ± 1.4 39.1 ± 1.3 40.2 ± 1.3 40.8 ± 1.5 15.2 ± 0.6
48.3 to 54.8 46.5 to 59.1 19.3 to 29.3 19.7 to 25.4 22.2 to 26.4 9.4 to 11.2 39.4 to 44.5 36.8 to 42.4 37.6 to 42.8 38.1 to 44.0 13.7 to 16.6
60 ♂♂ 51.0 ± 1.5 52.1 ± 2.8 23.3 ± 2.4 21.9 ± 1.1 24.3 ± 1.0 10.3 ± 0.5 41.3 ± 1.4 38.8 ± 1.4 39.9 ± 1.4 40.5 ± 1.4 15.0 ± 0.6
48.3 to 54.4 42.7 to 57.8 18.8 to 30.7 19.6 to 25.8 21.8 to 26.0 9.0 to 11.3 38.3 to 44.7 35.7 to 43.0 36.7 to 43.5 37.7 to 44.5 13.7 to 16.5
Sex. dim.   ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns
n Sex 3D2P 4D1P 4D2P 5D1P 5D2P GHN GWN  
39 ♀♀ 25.9 ± 1.5 10.4 ± 0.4 15.4 ± 0.8 11.8 ± 0.5 13.7 ± 1.3 13.6 ± 1.0 9.9 ± 0.6  
18.3 to 27.9 9.7 to 11.5 13.5 to 17.2 10.7 to 12.9 9.0 to 15.5 10.4 to 15.6 8.3 to 11.1  
60 ♂♂ 26.1 ± 1.2 10.3 ± 0.4 15.4 ± 0.8 11.7 ± 0.6 13.6 ± 1.0 13.8 ± 0.9 9.9 ± 0.5  
23.5 to 30.0 9.5 to 11.4 13.8 to 17.6 10.5 to 13.2 9.6 to 15.8 11.8 to 16.1 8.5 to 11.2  
Sex. dim.   ns ns ns ns ns ns ns  
n SL CCL ZYW MAW BW ALSW AMSW IOW
39 22.55 ± 0.4 19.90 ± 0.3 11.22 ± 0.2 10.58 ± 0.2 10.19 ± 0.1 6.07 ± 0.1 4.22 ± 0.1 2.18 ± 0.2
21.92 to 23.53 19.11 to 20.68 10.80 to 11.87 10.17 to 11.15 9.89 to 10.60 5.65 to 6.36 3.81 to 4.72 1.72 to 2.60
60 22.55 ± 0.4 19.89 ± 0.4 11.21 ± 0.2 10.63 ± 0.2 10.18 ± 0.2 6.12 ± 0.2 4.20 ± 0.2 2.27 ± 0.2
21.47 to 23.33 18.78 to 20.78 10.53 to 11.91 9.81 to 11.16 9.54 to 10.67 5.56 to 6.72 3.59 to 4.67 1.70 to 2.81
Sex. dim. ns ns ns ns ns ns ns P = 0.047
n PB CM3L C1C1W M3M3W ML CM3L CPH  
39 2.15 ± 0.1 8.91 ± 0.1 5.75 ± 0.1 8.20 ± 0.1 15.48 ± 0.2 9.33 ± 0.1 3.13 ± 0.1  
1.82 to 2.67 8.53 to 9.34 5.23 to 6.05 7.77 to 8.86 14.91 to 15.96 8.98 to 9.74 2.52 to 3.42  
60 2.19 ± 0.1 8.96 ± 0.2 5.79 ± 0.1 8.23 ± 0.2 15.51 ± 0.3 9.34 ± 0.2 3.14 ± 0.1  
1.63 to 2.61 8.36 to 9.38 5.22 to 6.13 7.73 to 8.72 14.59 to 16.07 8.75 to 9.82 2.86 to 3.63  
Sex. dim. ns ns ns ns ns ns ns  
  1. External and craniodental measurements are in mm. FA - forearm length; HB - head and body length; TL - tail length; EL - ear length; TIB - tibia length; HF - hind foot length; 2MT, 3MT, 4MT, 5MT - second, third, fourth, and fifth metacarpal lengths; 3D1P, 3DP2P, 4D1P, 4D2P, 5D1P, 5D2P - first and second phalanges of third, fourth, and fifth digits; GHN - great high of nose leaf; GWN - great width of nose leaf; SL - skull length; CCL - condyle-canine length; ZYW - zygomatic width; BW - braincase width; MAW - mastoid width; ALSW - anterior lateral swellings width; AMSW - anterior median swellings width; IOW - inter-orbital width; PB - palatal bridge; CM3L - upper tooth row length; C1C1W - anterior palatal width; M3M3W - posterior palatal width, ML - mandible length; CM3L - lower tooth row length; CPH - least height of the coronoid process. Data are displayed in mean ± standard deviation and range. Sex. dim.=sexual dimorphism; ns=not significant.