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Table 2 Generalized linear mixed-effects models for the abundance/biomass of each trophic level and the Z:P ratio

From: Trophic structure of the pelagic food web in the East China Sea

Model AIC of final model Variables in final model Estimate SE t P
Larval fish (SST ≤ 25°C) 231.4      
 ~ Zooplankton, SST, SSS Zooplankton biomass 0.485 0.201 2.40 <0.05
   SST 0.279 0.052 5.32 <0.01
Larval fish (SST > 25°C) 198.1      
 ~ Zooplankton, SST, SSS Zooplankton biomass 0.657 0.170 3.87 <0.05
Zooplankton (full range) 354.2      
 ~ Fish, phytoplankton SST, SSS Phytoplankton biomass 0.565 0.143 3.94 <0.01
Zooplankton (SST ≤ 25°C) 195.8      
 ~ Fish, phytoplankton SST, SSS Phytoplankton biomass 0.593 0.261 2.36 0.05
   SST −0.065 0.047 −1.39 0.22
Zooplankton (SST > 25°C) 157.6      
 ~ Fish, phytoplankton SST, SSS Phytoplankton biomass 0.643 0.190 3.38 <0.05
Phytoplankton (SST ≤ 25°C) 100.9      
 ~ Zooplankton, SST, SSS, nutrients SST −0.057 0.023 −2.52 0.05
   SSS −0.149 0.048 −3.09 <0.05
   PO4 0.673 0.488 1.38 0.22
Phytoplankton (SST > 25°C) 71.5      
 ~ Zooplankton, SST, SSS, nutrients SST −0.193 0.047 −4.07 <0.05
   SSS −0.096 0.026 −3.76 <0.05
   PO4 0.585 0.480 1.22 0.30
Zooplankton/phytoplankton ratio (full range) 342.9      
 ~ Fish, SST, SSS, nutrients PO4 −1.729 0.439 −3.87 <0.01