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Table 2 Hematological and plasma biochemical reference values for male captive adult Mauremys mutica in February, April, August, and November

From: Hematologic and plasma biochemical reference values of the yellow pond turtle Mauremys mutica and the effects of sex and season

Variable February April August November
Hb (g/dl) 4.1 to 7.6 4.9 to 8.8 2.7 to 7.8 4.7 to 7.2
PVC (%) 20 to 46 26 to 40 15 to 36 22 to 30
RBCs (106/μl) 0.33 to 0.83 0.55 to 1.11 0.15 to 1.31 0.4 to 0.91
WBCs (μl) 2,220 to 15,400 2,220 to 27,800 3,400 to 11,600 2,000 to 14,000
Heterophils (μl) 38 to 82 37 to 87 35 to 77 41 to 76
Lymphocytes (μl) 4 to 41 7 to 33 12 to 38 13 to 37
Basophils (μl) 0 to 37 1 to 30 0 to 29 5 to 34
Eosinophils (μl) 0 to 1 0 to 2 0 to 1 0
Monocytes (μl) 3 to 15 1 to 12 1 to 12 0 to 9
AST (U/l) 39 to 229 58 to 332 60 to 230 41 to 133
LDH (IU/l) 759 to 4,265 870 to 8,102 730 to 4,956 787 to 3,385
BUN (mg/dl) 1 to 16 3 to 16 1 to 19 1 to 11
Calcium (mg/dl) 8.8 to 14.6 8.7 to 16.2 8.5 to 12.5 8.3 to 12.1
Phosphorus (mg/dl) 1.9 to 3.4 1.7 to 4.9 2.8 to 4.3 2.1 to 3.1
CK (U/l) 153 to 1,240 230 to 691 97 to 1426 119 to 587
Uric acid (mg/dl) 0.3 to 1.1 0.5 to 1 0.7 to 1.7 0.4 to 0.8
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.1 to 0.2 0.1 to 0.4 0.1 to 0.3 0.1
Glucose (mg/dl) 34 to 87 52 to 125 41 to 102 32 to 89
Total protein (g/dl) 3 to 5.9 3.5 to 6.3 2.1 to 7 2.1 to 4.4
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 37 to 464 33 to 913 27 to 304 5 to 542
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 80 to 224 83 to 286 61 to 149 62 to 131
Sodium (mmol/l) 131 to 137 131 to 137 113 to 137 122 to 134
Potassium (mmol/l) 2.9 to 3.8 3.5 to 4.6 4.5 to 8.9 3.2 to 5.8
Chloride (mmol/l) 101 to 110 101 to 110 102 to 111 98 to 107
  1. Hb, hemoglobin; PCV, packed cell volume; RBCs red blood cells; WBCs, white blood cells; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; CK, creatine kinase.