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Table 1 Sex and seasonal differences and the interaction of sex with season in the hematology of captive adult Mauremys mutica

From: Hematologic and plasma biochemical reference values of the yellow pond turtle Mauremys mutica and the effects of sex and season

    Seasonal differences    Sex differences   Sex × season
Analyte Springa Summera Falla Wintera F valueb p value Male Female F value p value F value p value
RBCs (106/μl) - H - - 15.164c ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
PCV (%) H - - - 22.34 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Hb (g/dl) H - - - 14.809 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
WBCs (μl) - - - H 10.366 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Heterophils (μl) - H - - 3.084 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Lymphocytes (μl) - H - L 6.469 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Basophils (μl) H - - - 11.576 ** - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Eosinophils (μl) - -   - nsd nsd - - nsd nsd nsd nsd
Monocytes (μl) - - L H 3.147 ** - - nsd nsd 3.108 *
  1. a Means significantly higher (H) or lower (L) than for the other sex or the other seasons. b Two-way ANOVA (p< 0.05). c nsd, no significant difference. ** p< 0.01. RBCs, red blood cells; PCV, packed cell volume; Hb, hemoglobin; WBCs, white blood cells.