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Table 3 Mann–Whitney U test of continuous variables in panda-use and non-use plots

From: Habitat use by giant pandas Ailuropoda melanoleuca in the Wanglang Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China

Variable Mean (mean rank) Z value p value
Use plots Non-use plots
Tree size 32.20 (250.30) (n = 180) 29.07 (233.80) (n = 299) −1.26 0.21
Tree dispersion 2.86 (218.27) (n = 180) 3.08 (253.08) (n = 299) −2.67 0.01
Tree density 2.51 (252.60) (n = 186) 2.55 (261.05) (n = 329) −0.62 0.53
Shrub size 2.41 (280.19) (n = 184) 2.03 (243.21) (n = 328) −2.71 0.01
Shrub dispersion 2.05 (265.97) (n = 182) 1.88 (247.30) (n = 325) −1.38 0.17
Shrub density 4.74 (212.09) (n = 186) 7.24 (283.96) (n = 329) −5.27 0.00
Fallen-log density 1.96 (283.17) (n = 186) 1.65 (243.77) (n = 329) −2.99 0.00
Tree stump density 0.77 (272.83) (n = 186) 0.65 (249.62) (n = 329) −1.95 0.05